Project Presentation

In the period between August 2021 and July 2022, Mawjoudin has led an SRHR project directed towards queer refugees, migrants and asylum seekers. The project was financed by IADH and Swiss cooperation for development. Besides the practical trainings we were able to provide to different groups of queer refugees and migrants we wanted to present an output that can be accessible at any time. With this guide we try to provide you with simplified information about your rights. We also explain different concepts and guide you to safer practices. You can also find here some useful contacts for organizations in Tunisia that can provide you with the support you need. This content is available in English, French and arabic. Feel free to share it with your friends and communities to spread awareness. This guide is a useful tool for every person who is sexually active or not. Please reach out to us or another organization mentioned here in case of further questions or doubts.

What is SRHR ?

SRHR stands for Sexual and reproductive Health and rights. The term was explored at the Cairo International Conference on Population and Development in 1994. It is the combination of different fields of health and human rights.

SRHR Should be accessible for everyone without any form of discirimination. Unfortunately, many LGBTIQ+ people are excluded from the health system and face difficulties to access their rights. Displaced people who are also LGBTIQ+ have more difficulties accessing those services.

SEXUAL RIGHTS

Sexual rights are mainly centred on sexual expression and sexual pleasure and constitute a set of rights. Although they are hardly part of the fundamental human rights defined in 1948, these rights are rooted in the fundamental rights of freedom, dignity, respect and integrity of the individual. The World Association for Sexual Health, founded in 1978, paved the way for the 1997 Declaration of Sexual Rights, which sets out 16 positions (as of 2014)[…]

Reproductive Rights

Reproductive rights are a subset of human rights and are established to enable people to make free and well-considered choices about the number, timing, location and spacing of births. These same rights apply to abortion and infertility.

Sexual Health

According to the World Health organization, sexual health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. It implies a positive and respectful approach to sexual relations and sexuality regardless of gender and sexual orientation. It aims to having safer sexual experiences without health risks and/or experiences of violence and discrimination.

Reproductive Health

Reproductive health implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safer sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so. It also implies having access to the necessary care before, during and after reproduction without any discrimination.

QUESTIONS ...

What does bodily autonomy mean?

It is the right of the individual to assume and take total control of everything that concerns their body, both inside and outside and around it. Knowing this right helps to prevent violence, aggression, and any other action related to abuse.

What is Gender based violence ?

Gender based violence (GBV) is any act of violence that results in physical, sexual, mental, emmotional, economic harm. it can occur in different forms at the same time. It can happen within families, relationships, in communities,... in private and in public space. Gender based violence is not only the violence perpetrated by cis man against cis women. It includes different gender identities and sexual orientations.

Sex, sexuality, sexual orientation?

SEX ?

When we are born, the medical staff assigns us a sex according to the physical

characteristics of the body. This assignment can of course be different from our

sexual identity. It is usually indicated that we are a woman or a man according to the

outer genitalia. Intersexuality exists and is natural. It refers to the situation where an

individual is born with a sexual or reproductive morphology different from the

standard and normative conception of the human body.

SEXUALITY ?

Sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually. This involves biological, psychological, physical, erotic, emotional, social, or spiritual feelings and behaviors. Sexuality is dynamic and can evolve and change throughout life. Sexuality is only defined by the person themselves and can’t be imposed by others.

SEXUAL ORIENTATION ?

Sexual orientation refers to attraction. To whom are we attracted? We can talk about sexual attraction, the desire to have sexual contact with another person, as well as romantic attraction, the desire for an intimate, emotional relationship. The sexual orientation reveals our gender identity, and the identity of the people to whom we are attracted to. A person can identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, pansexual, asexual, etc..

In general consent means having the possibility to agree or disagree to do something without any form of pressure or following consequences.In the context of sexual activity consent means actively agreeing to participate in sexual activity or to be sexual with someone.Having the other person’s consent is making sure they want to be sexual with you before starting anythinng. Consenting is about all parties making clear what they are comfortable with and respecting each other’s boundaries. It also includes making sure that everything isclear for everyone. Consent needs to be communicated very clearly. It’s not something that you can interpret by yourself.

WHAT DOES CONSENT MEAN ?

Consent can’t be given by minors under the age of 18

If an adult is engaging in sexuall activity with a minor it’s considered rape.

People who are drunk, under the influence of drugs, asleep or unconscious

Are not able to give consent.

People who are threatened or who are intimidated can't give consent.

For example: Your boss at work holds a power position which doesn’t give you freedom to give your consent. Power dynamics makes it harder to not consent because of fear of consequences.

Sexual activity without consent .

is a sexual assault.

CONSENT SHOULD BE

ENTHUSIASTIC

The person should express their consent openly and clearly. Body language does not mean consent. The person must express their agreement either verbally or in other forms of communication sign language, writing…). The absence of a “Yes” doesn’t imply consent.

ACTIVE

There should be active communication between parties involved. Nobody can decide for another person.

VOLUNTARY

Consent should be given without any form of pressure. The absence of physical resistance does not mean that the person is consenting. For example: if the person is too drunk and can’t ask you to stop verbally or physically this doesn’t mean they are agreeing to what you are doing.

INFORMED

The people involved should be informed of what will happen and what they are consenting to. If you for example told them that you will use protection and then you don’t this is not considered full consent.

SPECIFIC

You can’t assume that the person is consenting to all the sexual activity. If you want to take things to the next level make sure your partner is comfortable and ready for it. If the person consented to have a kiss it doesn’t mean that they automatically agree to something else after that.

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